Surfing Etiquette


The surfer closest to the peak of the wave has the right of way. Also the surfer furthest out or first to his feet has the right to be on the wave. In all of these cases other surfers will have to let the wave pass. Learn these ‘rules’ and act accordingly.


Dropping in is the act of stealing someone’s wave described at point 1. By doing it you will create a dangerous situation for you and the other surfers. Collision might occur, bones and boards can break. It is a bad idea and everyone will be annoyed.


Do not paddle straight to the line up where the waves are breaking and people are surfing. It is wiser and safer to paddle through a channel where there are less chances of a run in. If you see a surfer coming towards you, estimate his direction and then paddle the other way.


Always maintain control and contact with your surfboard. If you see a wall of white water coming towards you, do not ditch your board because it might hit someone behind you. Learn how to duckdive.


Paddling around someone to gain priority over the wave is called snaking. This can be very annoying and if done repeatedly a big no-no.

Swimming Goggles

Sizes and Shapes

For some, choosing a pair is a breeze, but for some, it can be overwhelming. Goggles come in different sizes, shapes and even styles. Swedish, mirrored and metallic are just some classifications that you might encounter when shopping for your goggles. When you are shopping for your pair, look at the socket size as this indicates the size of the lens. A small one is lighter; however. it can put pressure on the orbital bone.

A large socket size on the other hand is bulkier but would have rubber or foam to hold the goggles in place. Another thing that you might want to consider is the lens width. The wider the lens, the more view it gives the swimmer. A smaller one, on the other hand, gives limited vision but is perfect for training sessions or competitions as it helps the wearer to focus on their path.

Good Fit

Once you decide on the size and shape of the goggles, it is important to try it out and determine if you are comfortable with the piece without it feeling too tight. Do remember that you would be swimming and as such the fit must be a bit on the snug side to prevent any leaks. Some have double straps that wearers can adjust to fit tightly. Diving can also dislodge this and as such, you should pick two or three pieces depending on what type of swimming activity you have in mind.

Aesthetic Purposes

Thanks to technology, improvements were made making them look aesthetically pleasing to the eyes. From cheap plastic that looks like safety lab goggles, swimming goggles today appear sleek and stylish without compromising functionality. That being said, the price also increases depending on the design. If you are on a budget or just want one for training purposes, then buying a lower priced one would be ideal. However, investing in a good pair is ideal for competitions as well.

Mountain Climbing for Beginners

• Destination- You can either go for a major climb or a minor climb. When a complete climb can be achieved in a day devoid of any exceptional effort and which takes within five hours to reach the summit from the point of beginning of the hiking, which is known as a minor climb. And the climb which takes days to complete and a where a lot of physical effort is required, is known as the major climb. You can decide which one to go for according to your capacity and experience. Also, you can consider the locality, availability of drinkable sources of water, view from the mountains etc while choosing the destination.

• Place to Stay- You can decide to stay in the local resorts or camp on the spot if it is possible and if you find a suitable place.

• Equipments- As a starter all you need is a good pair of hiking shoes, pants and jackets which are water-proof and which dries out quickly, and your trusty rucksack. The number of things to carry will eventually increase as you will get more experiences. If you are planning for a major climb then you can think of bringing a lightweight tent. Apart from these, essentials like food and water can also be carried.

• Personal Health- The right training and preparation physically are crucial before starting mountain climbing. Exercises to prepare the leg muscles like jogging and stair climbing carried out. You can also train to make yourself accustomed to the heavy load you will need to carry on the mountains.

• Climbing Partners- A guide must essentially be hired and you can also team up with mountain climbers who are experienced. This can help in avoiding the risks involved with climbing alone which should never be done.

Best Single Speed Bikes

There are a number of factors to consider when choosing such a bike. Below are some of the most important things to look out for:

Which is the best gear?

Because it is a one gear bike, it is a fundamental factor to have the right one. For instance, if the gear has a lot of resistance, then definitely you will have to stop at every steep landscape. On the other hand, if the bike has a little gear, you will have to constantly be spinning the legs to get yourself on the motion. Since the ration between the rear and front chaining is used to determine the gear, commuters will find it ideal if they are using a gear of about 65 – 7 inches. As for track cycles, they probably need a gear with bigger inches. Actually, the gear inches increase with the wideness of the tire.

And what about the bike’s size?

This is another important area to be keen on when selecting a single speed bike. Most people have regretted purchasing a bike of the wrong size because they get uncomfortable when riding due to it being either too small or too big. To avoid this, make sure that you see the specifications of the bike. Better still is when you try it out, like a sample ride to see if it really fits you.


When it comes to the wheels, the majority think that this is purely aesthetic. In reality, there is a difference in performance when it comes to wheel types.

  • If you choose a 30mm wheelset, it is considered to be the lightest and offers a perfect balance between rigidity and weight. It will be the ideal choice for those who commute.
  • On the other hand, wheels of 42mm (deep-v) rims weigh a little bit more and are perfect for those looking to put some power to prevent flexing.
  • Lastly, the mag wheels are known to be the heaviest of all. People prefer it because it gives the bike an appealing loo, but when it comes to weight, it is a drawback.

Handlebars: The actually are available in very many sizes and shapes. Here, it is the choice of one which can determine which is the best, though some bars are the best fit for specific applications. Examples of such handlebars include: Drop handlebars, straight bars, riser bars, and bullhorns.

Bearings: This is the part which basically runs the bike’s hubs, headset, and the bottom bracket. In the market, you will find two types of bearings, which are:

  • Scaled bearings: This type has one single unit which houses the bearings. The unit is directly pushed into the hub/frame. Bikes with this bearing spin freely and smoothly than those with open bearings. Because they got rubber seals that protect the bearings, they are easily maintained as particles or elements don’t get into the bearings.
  • Open bearings: It is an open system of bearings supported with a cone and cup structure. Such a system requires a lot of maintenance for it to operate smoothly.